The Judaist view is that history progresses towards an inevitable end, but that world history is basically variations of the stories from the book of Genesis playing out over and over again.
One of those stories is that Jacob (with whom the Jews self-identify) supplants his brother Esau (whom Jews identify with Europeans), which angers Esau, so Jacob runs away from him. But Esau's anger is never very long-lived, so all Jacob has to do is hide from his brother for a while until his anger subsides. This story is contained in Genesis chapters 25 through 33.
This is what we've seen play out with the hundreds (thousands?) of Jewish expulsions and pogroms throughout history.
They always come back just a few years later.
But eventually, the Jewish prophets say, Esau will be destroyed at the hand of Jacob, ending the cycle.